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The Center has the U.S. National Archives microfilm editions of the U.S. Federal population decennial census schedules, 1790-1930, a "census substitute" for 1890, and the soundex for the 1880 population schedules. The soundex filing system is a phonetic code used to file together similar sounding surnames with variant spellings. This system was used to create a card index for the 1880 population census. Only households with children aged ten and under were indexed in the 1880 soundex. The Center's holdings of these materials are described below; unless otherwise noted, CRL's holdings are complete.

The Center has over 700 reels of nonpopulation censuses schedules that were compiled with federal decennial population censuses. The Center has been unable to find extant schedules for 1890; schedules for 1900+ were destroyed after the statistical data was extracted. The Center has holdings of U.S. National Archives microfilm sets and microfilm by other archives holding the original schedules; request any material in scope.

CRL Collections

    The references below feature many of the strengths of CRL’s holdings. Links point to more detailed descriptions in the CRL catalog, as well as digital versions of the content or digitized finding aids for microfilm where available. Collecting in this area continues through the purchase programs.

    Africa

    African Census Reports
    Library of Congress
    1911-1955

    This set includes about 26 census reports of various dates for Botswana, French West Africa, Gambia, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Nigeria, Rhodesia (Northern and Southern), Sierra Leone, Swaziland, Uganda, and Zanzibar.

    Catalog Record · Electronic Version

    Canada

    Census of Canada, 1860–61
    Public Archives of Canada
    Public Archives of Canada
    1860–61

    Original hardcopy of the report of the census of Canada containing both population and non-population statistics. The census covers Ontario and Quebec.

    Catalog Record
    Canada. Dominion Bureau of Statistics. Census of Canada, 1901.
    1901

    This is the original hard copy of the report of the census of Canada, containing both population and non-population statistics.

    Canada. Dominion Bureau of Statistics. Census of Canada, 1911.
    1911

    This is the original hard copy of the report of the fifth census of Canada, containing both population and non-population statistics.

    Canada. Dominion Bureau of Statistics. Census of Canada, 1921.
    1921

    This is the original hard copy of the report of the sixth census of Canada.

    Census of Canada, 1851–52
    Public Archives of Canada
    Central Microfilm Unit, Public Archives of Canada
    1851–52

    Original hard copy of the report of the census of Canada containing both population and non-population statistics. The census covers Ontario and Quebec.

    Catalog Record
    Census of Canada, 1870–71
    Public Archives of Canada
    Central Microfilm Unit, Public Archives of Canada
    1870–71

    Report of the census of Canada, covering New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario, and Quebec. Includes information on earlier censuses from 1665 to 1871, and vital statistics for 16081876.

    Catalog Record
    Census of Canada, 1890–91
    National Archives of Canada. National Library of Canada
    National Archives of Canada: National Library of Canada
    1890–91

    Original hard copy of the report of the census of Canada.

    Catalog Record
    Recensement Canada Ouest, 1881. Canada Census, Ontario, 1881
    Public Archives Canada
    Central Microfilm Operations, Public Archives Canada.
    1880–81

    Original hard copy of the report of the census of Canada.

    Catalog Record

    India

    India (Republic). Census Commissioner. Census of India.
    Government of India
    1961–91

    CRL has received almost all of the volumes of the 1961 (10th) and 1971 (11th) Censuses of India and is acquiring the 1981 (12th) and 1991 (13th) censuses as volumes are issued. Each census is arranged with Series 1 covering all India, and Series 2, etc., for the states and union territories, with one series for each state or territory. Each series is issued in parts including the following topics:

    • Administration reports;
    • General population, Economic, Social and cultural, Migration, Fertility, and Housing tables;
    • Special tables on scheduled castes and scheduled tribes;
    • Town directory and survey reports on selected towns and villages;
    • Ethnographic notes and special studies on scheduled castes and tribes;
    • Census atlas;
    • District census handbooks; and,
    • Miscellaneous separate papers or monographs.

    The Census of India is part of CRL’s foreign documents collection and is not cataloged.

    Catalog Record

    Russia and Soviet Union

    Russia. Tsentral'nyi statisticheskii komitet. Pervaia vseobshchaia perepis' naseleniia Rossiiskoi Imperii 1897 g.
    Troĭni︠t︡skīĭ, N. A. (Nikolaĭ Aleksandrovich)
    Library of Congress Photoduplication Service
    1897

    The first complete census of the population of the Russian empire. CRL also holds an incomplete hardcopy edition of this census. The catalog record for the microfilm set lists the title for each volume.

    Catalog Record
    Soviet Union. Tsentral'noe statisticheskoe upravlenie. Itogi Vsesoiuznoe perepisi naseleniia 1959 goda.
    Kraus Reprint
    1959

    This is a reprint of the 16 volumes 1963 edition published by Gosstatizdat. The catalog record for the reprint set lists the title for each volume.

    Soviet Union. Tsentral'noe statisticheskoe upravlenie. Itogi Vsesoiuznoe perepisi naseleniia 1970 goda.
    Statistika
    1970

    This is the original 1970 census of population. The catalog records lists the title for each volume.

    Soviet Union. Tsentral'noe statisticheskoe upravlenie. Otdel perepisi. Sbornik proektov programm Vsesoiuznoi perepisi 1926 goda.
    Library of Congress Photoduplication Service
    1926

    This reel of microfilm reproduces two volumes that provide information on the questionnaires used and the methods of processing the information for the 1926 Russian census.

    Soviet Union. Tsentral'noe statisticheskoe upravlenie. Otdel perepisi. Vsesoiuznaia perepis' naseleniia 17 dekabria 1926 g. Kratkie svodki.
    Library of Congress Photoduplication Service
    1926

    This is a one-volume (10 parts) summary of the results of the 1926 Russian census.

    Soviet Union. Tsentral'noe statisticheskoe upravlenie. Otdel perepisi. Vsesoiuznaia perepis' naseleniia 1926 goda.
    Library of Congress Photoduplication Service
    1926

    The 1926 census was the first to be taken of the Russian area after 1897. Volumes 1–51 are geographic; volumes 52–56 are topical. The catalog record for the microfilm set lists the title for each volume.

    U.S. Decennial Census

    U.S. Federal population decennial census schedules, 1790-1930.
    U.S. National Archives
    1790-1920

    GUIDE: Federal population censuses, 1790-1890; a catalog of microfilm copies of the schedules. Inquire with CRL's Access Services Department

    • 1900 federal population census; a catalog of microfilm copies of the schedules. Access Services Department
    • 1910 federal population census; a catalog of microfilm copies of the schedules. Access Services Department
    • 1920 federal population census; National Archives microfilm. Access Services Department
    • 1930 federal population census: catalog of National Archives microfilm.

    The Center's holdings of Federal population censuses are described below; unless otherwise noted, CRL's holdings are complete.

     

    Population schedules of the first census of the United States, 1790
    Author: United States. Census Office. 1st census, 1790
    Catalog Record · Guide

    U.S. Census Office. 1st census, 1790. First census of the United States, 1790.
    Author: United States. Census Office. 1st census, 1790
    This set includes the population census schedules printed by the Bureau of the Census in 1907-1908. At the end of reel 3, the 1840 Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary of Military service has also been reproduced.
    Catalog Record

    U.S. Census Office. 2nd census, 1800. Population schedules.
    Author: United States. Census Office
    Catalog Record

    U.S. Census Office. 3rd census, 1810. Population schedules.
    Author: United States. Census Office. 3d census, 1810
    Catalog Record

    U.S. Census Office. 4th census, 1820. Population schedules.
    Author: United States. Census Office
    Catalog Record

    U.S. Census Office. 5th census, 1830. Population schedules.
    Author: United States. Census Office
    Catalog Record

    U.S. Census Office. 6th census, 1840. Population schedules.
    Author: United States. Census Office. 6th census, 1840
    Catalog Record

    U.S. Census Office. 7th census, 1850. Population schedules.
    Author: United States. Census Office. 7th Census, 1850
    Catalog Record

    U.S. Census Office. 8th census, 1860. Population schedules.
    Author: United States. Census Office. 8th census, 1860
    Catalog Record

    U.S. Census Office. 9th census, 1870. Population schedules of the ninth census of the United States.
    Author: United States. Census Office. 9th census, 1870
    Catalog Record

    U.S. Census Office. 10th census, 1880. Population schedules.
    Author: United States. Census Office. 10th census, 1880
    Catalog Record · Electronic Version

    U.S. Census Office. 12th census, 1900. Twelfth census of population, 1900.
    Author: United States. Census Office. 12th census, 1900
    Catalog Record
    See also: Plan of division into enumeration districts, 1900. Catalog Record

    U.S. Bureau of the Census. 13th census, 1910. Thirteenth census of the United States: 1910--population
    Author: United States. Bureau of the Census. 13th census, 1910
    Publisher: National Archives (U.S.)
    Temporal Coverage: 1910
    Catalog Record

    U.S. Bureau of the Census. Fourteenth census of population, 1920
    Author: United States. Bureau of the Census.
    Catalog Record

    U.S. Bureau of the Census. 15th census, population, 1930.
    Author: United States. Bureau of the Census
    Catalogued individually by state.   Guide

    Catalog Record

    U.S. Decennial Census - Index (Soundex)

    U.S. Census Office. 10th census, 1880. Index (soundex) to the population schedules of the 10th census of the United States.
    United States. Census Office. 10th census, 1880
    United States. National Archives and Records Administration
    1880
    Catalog Record

    U.S. Nonpopulation

    Agricultural and manufacturing census records of fifteen southern states for the years 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880.
    United States. Census Office University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library
    University of North Carolina
    1850-1880

    Despite the title, twelve states are represented: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia.

    Catalog Record · Electronic Version
    Census of Manufactures (1850). Pennsylvania. Manufactures schedules, Pennsylvania, federal decennial censuses, 1850-1880 [i.e., 1850-1860].
    United States. Census Office
    National Archives and Records
    1850-1880

    Consists of returns of the 5th series (schedule), productions of industry, of the 1850 (7th) and 1860 (8th) censuses of the U.S
    Reel 1. 1850, Adams-Butler counties -- Reel 2. 1850, Cambria-Erie counties -- Reel 3. 1850, Fayette-Northumberland counties -- Reel 4. 1850, Perry-Potter counties -- Reel 5. 1850, Schuykill-York counties -- Reel 6. 1860, Adams-Cumberland counties -- Reel 7. 1860, Dauphine-Perry counties -- Reel 8. 1860, Philadelphia county -- Reel 9. 1860, Potter-York counties

    Catalog Record
    U.S. Bureau of the Census. Federal mortality census schedules, 1850-1880, and related indexes, in the custody of the Daughters of the American Revolution.
    United States. Census Office
    National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration,
    1850-1880

    Set covers Colorado, the District of Columbia, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, and Tennessee.

    Catalog Record
    U.S. Census Office. 4th Census, 1820. Records of the 1820 census of manufactures.
    United States. Census Office. 4th census, 1820
    National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration
    1820

    This set includes manufactures schedules for the following states: Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, and others.

    Catalog Record
    U.S. Census Office. Agricultural schedules, Pennsylvania federal decennial censuses, 1850-1880.
    United States. Census Office
    National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration
    1850-1880

    This set is arranged chronologically, then by individual county.

    Catalog Record
    U.S. Census Office. Nonpopulation census schedules, 1850-1880, Illinois.
    United States. Census Office
    National Archives and Records Service
    1850-1880

    GUIDE: Typescript reels guide in the Access Services Department. This set includes nonpopulation censuses, although not all schedules are complete for each census year.

    Catalog Record · Guide

    U.S. State Census

    State censuses : an annotated bibliography of censuses of population taken after the year 1790 by states and territories of the United States.
    Library of Congress. Census Library Project. State censuses
    KTO Microform
    1790-1945

    Reprints published state censuses listed in the guide above (commonly cited as "Dubester") generally through 1945. Set arranged by state, then chronologically.

    Catalog Record
    U.S. Bureau of the Census. 7th-10th census, 1850-1880. Seventh-tenth United States census schedules, 1850-1880: Virginia.
    United States. Bureau of the Census. 7th-10th census, 1850-1880
    Virginia State Library; U.S. National Archives Trust
    1850-1880
    Catalog Record

    U.S. Veteran's Schedules

    Eleventh census of the United States, 1890 : schedules enumerating Union veterans and widows of Union veterans of the Civil War.
    United States. Census Office. 11th census, 1890
    National Archives (U.S.)
    1890

    Materials are part of the Records of the Veterans Administration. These schedules are incomplete, but can serve as substitutes for lost 1890 population census schedules.

    Catalog Record

    Western Europe

    International population census publications
    Primary Source Microfilm
    1945-1967

    Consists of official census publications of the countries of the world. The collection is arranged into five geographic areas: Asia (including the Middle East); Europe; Latin America (including Mexico); North America; and Oceania. Segments I and II are based on the International population census bibliography, compiled by Doreen S. Goyer of the Population Research Center of the University of Texas, Austin; Segment III is based on the International population census bibliography : revision and update, 1946-1977, also compiled by Doreen S. Goyer. CRL owns portions of Segment 2 (Pre-1945) and segment 3 (post 1967).

    Catalog Record · Guide
    Western European census reports, 1960.
    Blake, Judith. Western European censuses, 1960
    Redgrave Information Resources Corp.
    1960

    This microfiche collection reproduces 74 official census reports of the 22 nations of western Europe, covering the 1960 census period. Housing censuses and preliminary reports released later in final form are excluded from the set. The reports are written in the language of the issuing country. The set is based on the guide listed above. The guide does not analyze text materials that are not tabular in nature, but this material is included in the fiche collection.

    Catalog Record

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