TRAIL has completed digitization of the Research and Development Progress Reports series issued by the Office of Saline Waters (OSW) between 1955 - 1972. These technical reports are valuable resources for research topics including thermodynamics and water resource policy.
The OSW was established within the U.S. Department of Interior in 1955, continuing work initially begun through an Act of Congress in 1952. (“An Act to provide for research into and development of practical means for the economical production, from sea or other saline waters, of water suitable for agricultural, industrial, municipal, and other beneficial consumptive uses.”)
In the mid-twentieth century many areas of the United States--including California and the inland West--experienced acute water shortages and droughts. In 1951 the Secretary of the Interior noted that “Many Eastern cities, including New York City, Norfolk, Baltimore, Philadelphia, and New Orleans, as well as Midwestern and Western cities, are vulnerable to droughts; and sudden increase in the population or industry, such as that which would result from defense preparations or war, would cause serious water shortages in many areas.”
OSW issued 785 numbered reports in this series, covering a wide range of topics related to developing commercially viable desalination. All are now available through TRAIL as part of its mission to make historic federal technical reports more accessible. Examples include:
- Research on Salt Water Purification by Freezing, No. 7. 1955.
- The Potential Contribution of Desalting to Future Water Supply in Texas, No. 250. 1966.
- The Effect of Aerobic Marine Bacteria on the Corrosion of Metals in Sea Water, No. 662. 1971.
- MSF [Multi-Stage Flash] Pilot Plant Test on Polluted Waters, No. 728. 1971.
A longer article on the OSW reports is also available.
TRAIL identifies, acquires, catalogs, digitizes, and provides unrestricted access to U.S. government agency technical reports. Over three dozen TRAIL member institutions contribute annual fees and volunteer-staff time to further the efforts of the project. TRAIL’s mission is to ensure preservation, discoverability, and persistent open access to technical government publications, regardless of form or format.