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News

Preserving news (newspapers, news broadcast and wire service content) in the 20th century posed significant challenges for libraries and archives. Issues of publication frequency, physical size and poor paper quality, multiple editions, and title changes conspired to hamper library efforts to comprehensively preserve and catalog newspaper back files.  Collaborative programs like the Foreign Newspaper Microfilm Project, the United States Newspaper Project, and the International Coalition on Newspapers (ICON) were created to meet these challenges. Focusing on long-term accessibility, these programs promote systematic cataloging and strategic preservation of newspapers in print and on microfilm.

 

The past two decades have seen the production and consumption of news change dramatically. The “life cycle” of news (from sourcing of content to distribution of news products) is no longer a linear process culminating in a fixed, tangible "edition," as it was in the print era. It is now a continuous loop of gathering, processing, versioning, output, response, and update. Therefore preserving the record of digital journalism calls for new strategies.  CRL's 2011 report Preserving News in the Digital Environment: Mapping the Newspaper Industry in Transition explores in detail the new life cycle of electronic news, and suggests implications of this new life cycle for preservation.

Some national libraries, research libraries, and historical societies have in fact begun to ingest digital news content.  Pilot programs are testing ways of collecting the electronic equivalent of the “paper of record.” To date, however, those efforts capture only a small fraction of the ouptut of the major news organizations, and very little of the content produced by “citizen journalists,” bloggers, and the like.

Legacy content, on the other hand, is becoming widely available as digitization efforts provide web access to historic news collections.  Here there is little uniformity of practice, however, as a host of commercial and non-profit players implement a variety of metadata applications, create “silos” of content that prevent cross-searchability, and impose often restrictive conditions of use and licensing terms. 

Libraries might bring considerable collective resources to bear on these challenges through concerted action on several fronts: by "collectivizing" the library market for commercially produced news databases;  working with publishers, aggregators, and other repositories to ensure adequate archiving of digitized legacy content; increasing the amount and granularity of available information on the newspapers and news content held and digitized by libraries, aggregators, and publishers; and by encoureaging persistent archiving by the producers of electronic news.

A June 2013 forum produced a new strategic agenda for news preservation, which is outlined in the Summer 2013 issue of CRL's Focus on Global Resources newsletter.

CRL Collections

    CRL has vast holdings of newspapers from all regions of the world; and collections of scripts, transcripts, and translations of news reports, produced or compiled by the British Broadcasting Corporation, CBS, the Foreign Broadcast Information Service, and the Voice of America.

    Newspaper holdings include over 12,000 titles, more than 10,000 of which are published outside the U.S. CRL endeavors to collect extensive and, whenever possible, complete runs of newspaper titles, and its holdings of some titles are the most complete in existence. All newspapers can be searched in CRL’s catalog. The catalog's newspapers "scope" also allows users to browse by country or state of publication. 

    Within CRL's U.S. newspaper holdings, some major strengths are:

    CRL collecting in this domain continues.  CRL has current subscriptions to news titles, purchases and produces microfilm of selected international publications, licenses and digitizes collections, and obtains additional acquisitions through CRL’s purchase programs.

    The references below feature strengths of CRL’s holdings. Links point to more detailed descriptions in our catalog, as well as digital versions of the content or digitized finding aids for microfilm where available. 

    African-American Newspapers

    Black newspapers
    1925-present (varies)

    In 1965, the Center began subscribing to about 20 papers intended primarily for Black communities in major U.S. cities. The Center maintains current subscriptions to numerous titles.

    State City Title Link Dates
    California Los Angeles Los Angeles sentinel (#9505770) 1946-  
    Illinois Chicago Muslim Journal (#12063707) 1985-  
    Louisiana Shreveport Shreveport sun (#20606995) 1966- 
    Maryland Baltimore Afro-American (#7642696) 1915-47; 1988-  
    Massachusetts Roxbury Bay state banner (#6749070) 1972- 
    Michigan Detroit Michigan chronicle (#2264134) 1943- 
    Missouri Kansas City The call (#16736831) 1925- 
    New York New York New York Amsterdam news (#13416782) 1962- 
    Ohio Cleveland Call and post (#9964681) 1934-
    Pennsylvania Philadelphia Philadelphia tribune (#2266077) 1912-
    Tennessee Memphis Tri-state defender (#9578018) 1951-

     

    CRL has retrospective holdings of many additional Black newspapers. See the CRL Catalog for full details.

    Radical or Alternative Press

    British Contemporary Press
    Primary Source Microfilm

    This set complements the Underground and Alternative Press and The Left in Britain collections by offering contemporary grass-roots and radical literature published in Britain.

    Catalog Record
    Underground and alternative press in Britain.
    Harvester Press
    1961–1997

    The initial compilation of this fiche and microfilm set covered titles from 1961 to 1972. Since then, an annual update has been issued with additional holdings and titles.

    CRL holds the microfiche edition (1961-1988) as well as the microfilm collection (1971/72-1997).

    Catalog Record · Guide
    Underground newspaper collection.
    Alternative Press Syndicate
    Micro Photo [ProQuest]
    1963–85

    This collection contains underground newspapers originally compiled by the Underground Press Syndicate, mostly published in the U.S., but also from Canada, Latin America, and Europe. Individual titles cataloged separately.

    Catalog Record
    Underground newspaper collection. Hoover Institution supplement
    University Microfilms International

    This set supplements UMI’s Underground newspaper collection by adding missing issues and other titles from the holdings in the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace.

    Catalog Record

    Radio Broadcast Reports and Transcripts

    British Broadcasting Corporation. Home Service. 9 p.m. news.
    Chadwyck-Healey
    1939–45

    This microfiche edition of approximately 60,000 pages of newsreaders' scripts from 193945 offers insight into contemporary reactions to WWII.

    Catalog Record
    British Broadcasting Corporation. Monitoring Service. Summary of world broadcasts.
    University Microfilms, U.K.
    1974–86

    CRL’s holdings of these reports in microfiche cover 1974–85. Starting with 1983, the fiche is issued in the following area editions: Eastern Europe; Far East; Middle East, Africa, and Latin America; Soviet Union; monitoring report.

    Catalog Record
    Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc. Monitoring service reports from Aug. 28, 1939-May 23, 1945.
    Columbia Broadcasting System, Inc.
    Library of Congress
    Aug. 28, 1939–May 23, 1945

    This set includes microfilm of reports of foreign broadcasts monitored by CBS.

    Catalog Record
    Voice of America. [Radio programs].
    Voice of America (Organization)
    Library of Congress
    1953–80

    This microfilm set features Voice of America broadcast scripts from the U.S. Information Agency from 1953 to 1980.

    Catalog Record

    U.S. General Circulation Newspapers

    U.S. general circulation newspapers
    1843-present (varies)

    The Center acquires microfilm editions of general circulation newspapers published in the U.S. Listed below are titles received on microfilm on a current basis, with earliest dates of coverage. Holdings may not be complete; backfiles are eligible for demand purchase.

    State City Title Link Dates
    California Los Angeles Los Angeles times (#3638237) 1886-  
    Colorado Denver Denver post (#8789877) 1909-  
    Florida Miami Miami herald (#2733685) 1911-  
    Illinois Chicago Chicago tribune (#7960243) 1864-  
    Maryland Baltimore Sun (#7909813) 1843-  
    Massachusetts Boston Boston Globe (#1536853) 1872-  
    Michigan Detroit Detroit free press (#10345127) 1871-  
    Missouri Kansas City Kansas City star (#3555868) 1885-  
      St. Louis St. Louis post-dispatch (#1764810) 1878-  
    New York New York Daily news (#9541172) 1920-  
    Ohio Cleveland Plain dealer (#7742580) 1885-  
    Pennsylvania Philadelphia Philadelphia inquirer (#8733259) 1860-  
    Texas Dallas Dallas morning news (#9475176) 1885-  

    In addition, CRL has retrospective holdings of U.S. newspapers from every state, in original format and in microform. See CRL Catalog for details.

    United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service

    Daily report, foreign radio broadcasts.
    United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    Sept. 4, 1941–1995

    The collection contains translations of news and commentary from broadcasts, news agency transmissions, and some newspapers and periodicals.

    • Daily report (United States. Foreign Broadcast Monitoring Service)
      [Sept. 4, 1941-July 28, 1942] [Catalog Record]
    • Daily report (United States. Foreign Broadcast Intelligence Service)
      [July 29, 1942-Dec. 4, 1945]  [Catalog Record]
    • Daily report, foreign radio broadcasts
      [Feb. 24, 1947-Dec. 29, 1951] [Catalog Record]
    • Daily report : 1952-1969
      [1952-Mar 1969]  [Catalog Record]
    • Daily report. Supplement
      Jan 5-Dec 20, 1966  [Catalog Record]
    • Daily report : 1970-1979
      [Jan 1970-Apr 1974]  [Catalog Record]

    For other reports, see separately cataloged records for area editions, 1946--47 and 1974--95.

    Catalog Record
    Daily report, foreign radio broadcasts. European section.
    United States. Central Intelligence Group. Foreign Broadcast Information Branch
    Library of Congress
    Jan. 3, 1946–Feb. 21, 1947
    Catalog Record
    Daily report, foreign radio broadcasts. Far Eastern section.
    United States. Central Intelligence Group. Foreign Broadcast Information Branch
    Library of Congress
    Jan. 3, 1946–Feb. 21, 1947
    Catalog Record
    Daily report, foreign radio broadcasts. Latin American section.
    United States. Central Intelligence Group. Foreign Broadcast Information Branch
    Library of Congress
    Jan. 9, 1946–Feb. 21, 1947
    Catalog Record
    Daily report. Africa (Sub-Sahara)
    United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    June 1987–Sept. 1988
    Catalog Record
    Daily report. Asia & Pacific
    United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    Foreign Broadcast Information Service/NTIS
    April 1974–Dec. 1980
    Catalog Record
    Daily report. Asia & Pacific
    United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    Jan 1981-May 1987
    Catalog Record
    Daily report. Central Eurasia
    United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    The Service
    Jan. 1992–1995
    Catalog Record
    Daily report. China
    United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    Foreign Broadcast Information Service/NTIS
    Apr. 1981–1995
    Catalog Record
    Daily report. East Asia
    United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    June 1987–1995
    Catalog Record
    Daily report. East Europe
    United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    The Service/NTIS
    June 1987–1995
    Catalog Record
    Daily report. Eastern Europe
    United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    Foreign Broadcast Information Service/NTIS
    1974–May 1987
    Catalog Record
    Daily report. Latin America
    United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    Foreign Broadcast Information Service/NTIS
    Apr. 1974–1995
    Catalog Record
    Daily report. Middle East & Africa
    United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    Foreign Broadcast Information Service/NTIS
    Apr. 1, 1980–May 1987
    Catalog Record
    Daily report. Middle East & North Africa
    United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    Jan. 1974–Mar. 1980
    Catalog Record
    Daily report. Near East & South Asia
    United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    June 1987–1995
    Catalog Record
    Daily report. People's Republic of China
    United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    Foreign Broadcast Information Service/NTIS
    1974–Mar. 1981
    Catalog Record
    Daily report. South Asia
    United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    Foreign Broadcast Information Service/NTIS
    Apr. 1980–May 1987
    Catalog Record
    Daily report. Soviet Union
    United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    Foreign Broadcast Information Service/NTIS
    Jan. 1974-Jan. 3, 1992
    Catalog Record
    Daily report. Sub-Saharan Africa
    United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    The Service, National Technical Information Service
    Sept. 1988–1995
    Catalog Record
    Daily report. Sub-Saharan Africa
    United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    Apr. 1974–Mar. 1980
    Catalog Record
    Daily report. West Europe
    United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    The Service, National Technical Information Service
    June 1987–1995
    Catalog Record
    Daily report. Western Europe
    United States. Foreign Broadcast Information Service
    Foreign Broadcast Information Service/NTIS
    Apr. 1974–May 1987
    Catalog Record

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