Center for Research Libraries - Global Resources Network

Resources for

Human Rights Before, During, and After World War II

Mary Wilke, Jacob Marcet


Hideki Tojo, the former Japanese premier and war minister during World War II, before the International Military Tribunal for the Far East (1946–1948). Courtesy National Archives and Records Administration.

The following are a few selected microform sources held by CRL dealing with human rights violations in Europe before and during World War II. The list also includes resources concerning the aftermath of the war in Europe, Asia, and Israel, such as the Nuremberg and Far East war crimes trials, the formation of the Israeli state, and the arrest and conviction of Adolf Eichmann.

Eichmann, Adolf, 1906–1962, defendant. The Attorney- General of the Government of Israel v. Adolf, the son of Karl Adolf Eichmann: minutes of session.

Captured in 1960, Nazi war criminal Adolf Eichmann was brought to Israel to face charges for crimes against humanity. The case of Adolf Eichmann was the first and only time in Israeli history that the country’s death penalty was used. This nine volume set includes the minutes of his trial as taken from one of the four simultaneous translations.

Nazi propaganda literature in the Library of the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research.

This collection contains over 1,200 titles from the YIVO Institute for Jewish Research. It is filled with unique items, such as anti-Semitic writing which served as the foundation for dealing with the “Jewish Question.” Included in the set are knapsack books that were given to German soldiers to indoctrinate them with Nazi belief systems, and extremely rare items, such as books that refer to the Holocaust as it was happening.

The Jewish people from Holocaust to nationhood: archives of the Central British Fund for Jewish Relief, 1930–1960.

This three unit set is a collection of documents from the Central British Fund for World Jewish Relief. Documents include minutes from meetings that set in place relief efforts for German Jews as early as 1933, reports on the growing pressure to create an independent Jewish state, and post-war documents dealing with resettlement and restitution for those affected by Nazi actions.

Germany. Reichsministerium für die Besetzten Ostgebiete. Records of the Reichs Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories, 1941–1945.

This set is taken from the Nazi Germany office of the Reichs Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories and contains records of the daily actions of the Nazi regime as it economically, culturally, and militarily subdued the territories east of Germany.

Germany (Territory under Allied Occupation, 1945–U.S. Zone) Military Tribunals. [Trial of the war criminals before the Nuremberg Military Tribunals under Control Council Law no. 10. October 1946–April 1949] "Subsequent proceedings."

 

Goring, Hermann, 1893–1946, defendant. Trial of the major war criminals before the International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg, 14 November 1945–1 October 1946.

 

International Military Tribunal (Nuremberg, 1945–1949). [Trial of the major war criminals before the International Military Tribunal, Nuremberg, 14 November 1945– 1 October 1946].

The Center has near-complete holdings of the transcripts of the Nazi war crimes trials. This includes both the German Military Tribunals and the more famous Nuremberg Military Tribunals. Gathered from the original court documents, the series chronicles the trials of 12 defendants in the earlier war crimes trials, the 24 defendants of the Nuremberg trials, and the complete transcripts of the Hermann Goring trial.

Privatbanken in der NS-Zeit. Rundschreiben der Wirtschaftsgruppe Privates Bankgewerbe 1934–1945.

Established in 1934, the Wirtschaftsgruppe Privates Bankgewerbe played a vital role in the National Socialist oppression of Jews in Germany. The Wirthschaftsgruppe not only contributed decisively to the deprivation of rights of German and European Jews—through seizing and liquidating their bank accounts—but it also gave the Nazi regime’s illegal activities an air of legality. Several times a week until Germany’s surrender in April of 1945, the Wirtschaftsgruppe would issue reports to private banks giving detailed instructions on how to deal with the technical—and quite illegal—aspects of expropriating funds from Jewish citizens. Because they were work documents, the reports were printed in small numbers and are very rare. Gathered together in this microfiche addition, the set is a valuable resource for researching particular victims of the Holocaust, as the records are searchable by name. The actions of individual banks can be examined, as well. Broader study of the economics of the Nazi regime would also be supported by this document.

Conditions and politics in occupied Western Europe, 1940–1945: selected from PRO class FO 371.

Gathered by the British Foreign Office from the western European countries occupied by Nazi forces during World War II, this set includes many primary sources related to life in the countries under occupation. The documents range from attempts by the Germans to win-over resistance groups and the propaganda used to wage psychological warfare, to reactions to significant events, such as the German invasion of Russia.

Court papers, journal, exhibits, and judgments of the International Military Tribunal for the Far East.

 

International Military Tribunal for the Far East. [Proceedings].

 

International Military Tribunal for the Far East. Record of proceedings.

 

International Military Tribunal for the Far East. [Tokyo war crimes trials] index of exhibits.

 

International Military Tribunal for the Far East. The Tokyo war crimes trial: index and guide.

The International Military Tribunal for the Far East was created in the wake of World War II and dealt with the prosecution of more than 5,700 individuals. Crimes ranged from military aggression to crimes against humanity (the Nanking Massacre). All told, more than 500 people were convicted, with 149 executed. These documents range from court transcripts to inventories of exhibits called into record.